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John Henry Hauberg glass plate images

Identifier: MSS 27-(images)

Scope and Contents

The John Henry Hauberg glass plate images, 1880-1947 and undated, contains roughly 8,000 glass plate images photographed by John Hauberg over the course of his life. The collection is organized into thirteen series:

Black Hawk Hiking Club, 1920-1939 and undated, includes images of hikers on various local and Big Hikes. Predominant among the images are landscapes, notable buildings and locations, and images of the hikers on the road, in trucks, and at camp.

Early Photos, undated, includes mostly undated and unlabeled images that appear to be from Hauberg's time at Northern Indiana Normal College (now Valparaiso University) and the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Some images depict the Weyerhaeuser House (now Augustana College's House on the Hill) and may date from Hauberg's courtship of his wife, Susanne.

Family, 1880-1938 and undated, contains images of Hauberg's nuclear and extended family. It has been divided into six subseries. Denkmann, 1911-1927 and undated, includes images of Susanne Hauberg's parents, Frederick Carl August Denkmann and Anna Catherine Bloedel Denkmann, Susanne’s brothers and sisters, and some other groups of Denkmann relatives. This subseries also includes some pictures of Susanne’s uncle, Friedrich Weyerhaeuser. Groups, 1880-1928 and undated, includes images of Hauberg's extended family--his siblings, their spouses and children. Also included are several photographs of large Hauberg groups from family gatherings and Hauberg Reunions. History, 1908-1922 and undated, contains images relating to the history of the Hauberg family, notably Hauberg's grandfather, John Detlev Hauberg, and his immigration to the United States. John Hauberg, 1889-1929 and undated, consists of images of Hauberg's nuclear family--his parents (Marx Detlev Hauberg and Anna Margaret Frels Hauberg), his wife Susanne, and his children. Portraits, 1900, 1912-1921 and undated, consists of individual portraits of various members of Hauberg's extended family. Locations and Unidentified, 1905-1926, 1938 and undated, consists of images of places in the Quad City area that are significant to the Hauberg family and images which could not be identified.

History, 1907-1931 and undated, contains images related to local and American history. This series has been divided into two subseries. Abraham Lincoln, 1907-1931 and undated, consists of images of significant locations in Lincoln's life, both near the Quad Cities, where Lincoln fought during the Black Hawk War, and around his hometown of Springfield, Illinois. It also includes reproductions of documents relating to Lincoln. Reproductions, 1914-1925 and undated, includes a series of patriotic slides, portraits of presidents and Illinois politicians copied from books, photographed documents relating to George Davenport and Antoine LeClaire, and maps of Rock Island County.

Indians, 1894, 1908-1930 and undated, consists of images of Native American people and their lives. This series has been divided into eight subseries. Artifacts, 1912-1921 and undated, contains images of Native American clothing and various other objects that Hauberg either collected or photographed during his visits to the homes of Native friends in Tama, Iowa, and elsewhere. Black Hawk's Descendants, 1908-1918, includes images of Black Hawk's grandson, Logan Kakaque, his son Jesse, and his daughter Esther (referred to mainly as Mrs. Jackson Wacole). Jesse's daughter, Mary Kakaque Piquanna, and her family are also pictured. Potawatomi Tribe, 1914-1921, contains images of the Piquannas and a few other members of the Potawatomi tribe. Reproductions, 1913-1928 and undated, contains portraits of important Native American leaders, paintings and other images of Native American life, text describing interactions with Native Americans, maps and pages from trade ledgers. Meskwaki Tribe, 1913-1925 and undated, contains pictures of various people and buildings from the Meskwaki Settlement at Tama, Iowa. Sauk and Fox Tribes, 1918 and undated, consists of pictures of a few members of the Sauk and Fox tribes, the Sauk and Fox stamping grounds, and the Sauk and Fox Agency in Oklahoma. Trails, 1912-1922 and undated, consists of images of various Native American trails discovered by Hauberg and others in the Quad City area, especially near Rock Island, Illinois. Unidentified, 1894, 1914-1930 and undated, consists of unlabeled images of Native Americans who could not be identified.

Local, 1889-1936 and undated, includes images of several locations within a twenty-mile radius of Rock Island, Illinois. Each location has its own subseries. The majority of images depict Rock Island County, the city of Rock Island and the Rock Island Arsenal. Also heavily featured are Moline, Illinois, Port Byron, Illinois (particularly the Archie Allen Camp), and Hampton, Illinois (near which Hauberg's parents lived for much of his adult life). This series also includes images of the United Sunday School Boys Band and the West End Settlement.

National Guard, 1911, 1917 and undated, includes images of Hauberg's time in the 6th Illinois Infantry, National Guard.

Natural History, 1912-1936 and undated, includes images and reproductions on the subjects of botany, zoology and geology. It is organized into two subseries. Catherine Hauberg, 1912-1918, 1932-1934 and undated, consists of images created by Catherine Hauberg-- reproductions of diagrams of plants, animals, geological features, and notes. Flowers, 1912-1936 and undated, consists of images of various kinds of flowers and other plants within and near the Hauberg grounds.

Portraits includes images of various people, mostly from the Quad City area. It has been organized into two subseries. Local consists of portraits of inhabitants of Rock Island, Illinois and Moline, Illinois. It also includes one subseries. Early Settlers consists of portraits of some of the first settlers of the Quad City area, as well as several pictures from an Old Settlers Picnic. Unidentified includes portraits of people who could not be identified.

Prohibition consists of mostly reproductions of images advising temperance and depicting the evils of drink, perhaps designed to illustrate talks Hauberg gave on the subject. Also included are a few maps and images of saloons.

The Religion series includes images of interest to Hauberg from a religious standpoint. Most images depicting his and Susanne Hauberg's church activities are contained within the Local - Rock Island subseries and the Local - United Sunday Schools Band subseries. The Religion series is organized into three subseries. Church Activities and Churches includes images of some of the activities of the 7th Street Lutheran Church and some Sunday school activities. It also includes images of various local churches. Missionary Work consists of reproductions of text and images from books about the dangers of missionary work and some famous missionaries. Reproductions consists of illustrations of Bible scenes.

Travel includes images of locations from Hauberg's travel within and outside the United States. Predominant are images of landscapes, significant locations, and his family in various places. This series has been organized into three subseries. Domestic Travel includes all Hauberg's travel within the United States. It has been organized into five subseries. East consists of images of New York City and Washington DC, as well as one image of Erie, Pennsylvania. Midwest mostly consists of images of various parts of Iowa and Illinois. However, the subseries also contains images from Wisconsin, Michigan, Indiana, Kansas, Minnesota and Ohio. South consists primarily of images of travels to Louisiana and Mississippi. There are also a few images of Jemez, New Mexico and Manassas, Virginia. West includes many images that appear to be from Hauberg's trips for the Weyerhaeuser Company to Idaho and Washington. It also includes images of California and Hauberg's mountain climbing trips to Colorado. Unidentified includes images that appear to be of domestic travel but could not be identified. International Travel consists of images of Hauberg's travels outside the United States. It is organized into seven subseries. Africa consists of a few images from Egypt, taken during the Hauberg family's trip to the Holy Land. Asia consists of Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria and Turkey, particularly focusing on sites of religious significance. Europe consists of images from Hauberg's three trips to Europe, featuring Germany, Switzerland, France and England, among other countries. Missionary Work includes images from missionary trips taken to the Congo, Korea, Martinique, the Philippines, Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands. North America includes images of Canada, Bermuda, the Caribbean, Cuba, Panama and the US Virgin Islands. While some of these trips, particularly to Panama and the Caribbean, may have been on missionary work, no evidence of this was found. South America consists of a few images of Venezuela. Unidentified consists of images that appear to be of international travel but could not be identified. Landscapes includes images of various unidentified landscapes that Hauberg may have taken during international or domestic travel.

Other Photographs consists of unlabeled images that have so few identifying features that they could not be categorized.


  • Creation: 1880-1947 and undated


Conditions Governing Access

There are no restrictions on the use of this collection.

Conditions Governing Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright. Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from Augustana College Special Collections and the copyright holder.

Historical Note

John Henry Hauberg was born 22 November 1869 on his father's farm near Hillsdale, Illinois. He was one of nine children, eight of whom lived until adulthood. Hauberg's education was his own responsibility. When farming duties interrupted his schooling at age eleven, he continued to read books and memorize documents such as the Declaration of Independence. He worked his way across the country, then returned to enroll in Duncan's Business College in Davenport, Iowa, in 1893, graduating in 1894. The same year, he enrolled in Northern Indiana Normal College, now Valparaiso University, Indiana, first attending classes in January 1895. Through the university's accelerated program, he earned a Bachelor of Science in 1896 and a Bachelor of Arts in 1897. He then enrolled in the Law Department at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, working odd jobs to pay his way, graduating with an LL.B in 1900. He passed the Illinois State bar exam in 1901 and set up a practice in Moline, Illinois. John Hauberg married Susanne Christine Denkmann on June 29, 1911. He then moved his practice to Rock Island, Illinois, but abandoned it by 1914 because he and his wife traveled too extensively to be able to maintain it. Susanne Denkmann Hauberg brought many business interests into the marriage from her family, the Denkmanns of Weyerhaeuser and Denkmann Lumber Company, and John Hauberg held executive board positions in the Weyerhaeuser and Denkmann Lumber Company and many others through the rest of his life.

After marriage, John Hauberg became heavily involved in community work and in his passions for nature and history. He was actively involved in Rock Island County's temperance movement in the 1910s, served in the Illinois National Guard, and held positions of responsibility in the Lutheran Church, Augustana College and Theological Seminary, and the Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA), among others.

In 1909, Hauberg founded the United Sunday School Boys Band, a fife, drum, and bugle corps designed to give boys an incentive to attend Sunday school. For fifteen years, Hauberg and hundreds of boys marched and gave performances in the Quad City area. Hauberg also led the boys on weekend hikes and longer summer hikes, which evolved into the Big Hike, a yearly two- or three-week camping trip aided by wagons and, later, trucks. Hauberg founded the Black Hawk Hiking Club on 8 May 1920 under the name Black Hawk Prairie Club (the group changed its name in 1923), and led them on hikes every week regardless of weather. The club still exists today, and continues to go on its weekly and Big Hikes.

Hauberg served on the boards or held membership in several historical societies, including those of Augustana College, Rock Island County, and Illinois. He was also interested in preserving Native American history, particularly focusing on the Quad City area and the Black Hawk War. He was instrumental in the founding of Black Hawk State Park (now Black Hawk State Historic Site) in 1927, and he and his wife furnished many of the relics in the museum erected in the park (later dedicated as the Hauberg Museum) in 1937. For this and other work, he was elected an honorary chief of the Meskwaki tribe in Tama, Iowa in 1940 and named "Ah-be-chi-ne-ma-so-ta Ma-qua," or "Standing Bear."

Hauberg traveled extensively before and after marriage. He spent six months in Europe in 1900, and made two further trips with his wife and children in 1924 and 1926. John and Susanne Hauberg also traveled to the Holy Land and to Asia, Africa and South America, sometimes on missionary work.

John Hauberg died on 13 September 1955 after a protracted illness. He is buried with his wife in Chippiannock Cemetery in Rock Island, Illinois.

Susanne Christine Denkmann Hauberg was born on 2 May 1872 in Rock Island, Illinois, to a prominent family. Her father, Frederick Carl August Denkmann, supervised four sawmills as part of the Weyerhaeuser and Denkmann Lumber Company. She was one of seven children who grew to adulthood. She was educated in Rock Island's public schools, then sent to Miss Brittingham's private school in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and finally to Dana Hall School in Wellesley, Massachusetts, from which she graduated. She attended Wellesley College but was summoned back home by her mother. She also briefly attended Radliffe College in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Susanne Hauberg spent a year as a kindergarten teacher at a school run by a friend in New York City, then returned to Rock Island, inspired to found and fund the West End Settlement to provide services to the impoverished mothers and children settled in the west end of Rock Island. She also served on the board of the Bethany Protective Association (now Bethany for Children and Families), where she met John Hauberg. After marriage, she continued her philanthropic work with her husband, helping to set up Rock Island's Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA), serving on the Red Cross Canteen Committee and various church-related causes, and donating money and goods to various organizations. In 1909, Susanne Denkmann and her siblings financed the construction of Augustana College's Denkmann Memorial Library (now Denkmann Memorial Hall) in memory of their parents. In 1921, she donated a plot of land, known as Archie Allen's Place, to the YWCA for a girls' camp. She died of a stroke on 13 February 1942.

John and Susanne Hauberg had two children, Catherine Denkmann Hauberg and John Henry Hauberg Jr. The oldest child, Catherine Denkmann Hauberg, was born on 11 April 1914 in Rock Island, Illinois. She attended public high school in Rock Island, and then followed her mother's footsteps to Dana Hall School, from which she graduated in 1932. She graduated from the University of Illinois in 1936 (having also attended Augustana College during the summers) with a major in geology and a minor in zoology. She then proceeded to study zoology, with a botany minor, in graduate school, continuing at the University of Illinois for a semester before transferring to the University of Arizona. She married Edward Cleaveland Sweeney on 22 October 1938. She combined her interest in botany with her parents' philanthropy, becoming a trustee to the American Horticultural Society, the World Wildlife Fund, and the Conservation Foundation, among others. She was also a patron of the arts, supporting the Metropolitan Opera and the Aspen Music Festival. The Sweeney Mountains in Antarctica were named for her after she financed an expedition by the Norwegian explorers Finn and Jackie Ronne in the 1940s. Catherine Denkmann Hauberg Sweeney had five children: Susanne, Edward Jr., Philip, Harriet and John. She died of heart failure on 25 January 1995.

John Henry Hauberg Jr. was born on 24 June 1916 in Rock Island, Illinois. He began his education at Rock Island's public schools, spent a year at Fessenden School near Boston, Massachusetts, and graduated from Hotchkiss School in Lakeville, Connecticut. He spent some years at Princeton University, leaving the school in 1939. He married Anne Westbrook Gould on 9 June 1941. John Hauberg Jr. served in the infantry during World War II, between 1943 and 1946, then returned to college to get a degree in forestry from the University of Washington. He experimented successfully with reforestation in the Pacific Northwest on his Pilchuck Tree Farm, in addition to board positions with the Weyerhaeuser Lumber Company and the Pacific Denkmann Company. He was also a patron of the arts, donating his extensive collection of Native American art to the Seattle Art Museum, supporting the Seattle Symphony, and founding the Pilchuck Glass School with his wife, Anne Gould. They had two children, Fay and Sue. John and Anne divorced in the late 1970s, after which he married Ann Homer Brinkley. He died of a heart attack on 5 April 2002.


21.5 Cubic Feet (/ 108 image boxes)

Language of Materials



John Henry Hauberg was a prolific researcher and photographer active in the Quad Cities area in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The John Henry Hauberg glass plate images, 1880-1947 and undated, contains roughly 8,000 glass plate images photographed by John Hauberg over the course of his life.


Original order within series and original image titles have been maintained when feasible. To facilitate access, images have been grouped together by subject or location. All box numbers in this finding aid refer to image boxes.

Other Finding Aids

Original typewritten finding aid for the John Henry Hauberg papers is available. Please contact Special Collections for more information.

Custodial History

The John Henry Hauberg glass plate images represents a portion of the larger collection of John Henry Hauberg papers. Due to the number and descriptive detail of the images, they have been described in a separate finding aid to facilitate access. The remainder of the John Henry Hauberg papers, including personal papers, research files, and other photographs, is unprocessed.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Received in various accessions from John Henry Hauberg and Fay Hauberg Page.

Existence and Location of Copies

Duplicate prints, slides, and negatives of many of the glass plate images can be found in other portions of the John Henry Hauberg papers.

Digitized Content Available

Some materials in this collection have been digitized and made accessible in Special Collections at

Processing Information

Processed by Special Collections Staff, 2000-2015. Portions of this finding aid were created with generous support from the Augustana Endowment Society.

John Henry Hauberg glass plate images, 1888-1947 and undated.
Samantha Crisp
April 2015
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Augustana Endowment Society

Repository Details

Part of the Augustana College Special Collections Repository

639 38th Street
Thomas Tredway Library
Rock Island Illinois 61201 United States