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Edward D. Sweeney account ledger

 Collection
Identifier: MSS 121

Scope and Contents

The Edward D. Sweeney account ledger, 1860-1869, primarily contains the business records of Edward Sweeney, a Rock Island lawyer, particularly related to bounty claims following the American Civil War. Most of these claims were initiated by widows, parents, or legal gardians of orphaned children seeking pensions for family members who died in combat, but many claims are related to back pay of discharged soldiers. Along with these records, Sweeney pasted in notes and newsclippings related to his clients and legal developments that affected pensions and bounty claims.

Sweeney kept his records in a ledger formerly owned by Emanuel J. Pershing, a newspaper publisher in Rock Island who used the book as a mercantile ledger until his death in 1860. The account book is peppered throughout with Pershing's accounts. Sweeney's relation to Pershing is unclear, although the men may have shared a professional relationship, as they both practiced law in Rock Island in the late 1850s.

A detailed table of the account ledger's contents follows.

Front matter: alphabetical name index, compiled by Sweeney. Pages 2-13: Mercantile account of Miles W. Conway, 1860, compiled by Pershing. Pages 14-27: Fees received, April 1863-June 1864, compiled by Sweeney. Pages 28-45: Civil War bounty claims, 1865-1868, compiled by Sweeney. Pages 46-47: Copies of notes sent by mail for collection, 1869, compiled by Sweeney. Pages 50-61: Mercantile accounts for George Dudley, J. Tureman, A.J. Shaw, and Nelson Hershel, 1860, compiled by Pershing. Pages 77-117: Lists of sixteen Rock Island Volunteer regiments (including commanding officers and the companies into which they were mustered) and other Rock Island Civil War officers, compiled by Sweeney. Pages 118-207: Civil War bounty claims, 1862-1866, compiled by Sweeney.

Dates

  • 1860-1869

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

There are no restrictions on the use of this collection.

Conditions Governing Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright. Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from Augustana College Special Collections and the copyright holder.

Historical Note

Edward D. Sweeney was born 13 August 1833 in New Castle County, Delaware. He relocated to Rock Island, Illinois, in 1857. He became a school principal shortly after relocating and began to study law in his spare time. He was admitted to the Illinois State Bar Assocation in 1860 and opened a practice in Rock Island, first partnering with William Jackson and later C.L. Walker. Sweeney died on 14 September 1910.

Emanuel J. Pershing was born in 1831 in Johnstown, Pennsylvania. He relocated to Rock Island County in 1851 and established the Rock Islander, a weekly newspaper, in September 1854. This publication, which he founded with Henry Clay Connelly, merged with the Rock Island Argus in 1857. Pershing was admitted to the Bar in Rock Island in 1858. He died suddenly 22 July 1860 while on a visit to Pennsylvania.

Extent

0.2 Cubic Feet (/ 1 box)

Language of Materials

English

Abstract

The Edward D. Sweeney account ledger, 1860-1869, primarily contains the business records of Edward Sweeney, a Rock Island lawyer, particularly related to bounty claims following the American Civil War. Most of these claims were initiated by widows, parents, or legal gardians of orphaned children seeking pensions for family members who died in combat, but many claims are related to back pay of discharged soldiers. Sweeney kept his records in a ledger formerly owned by Emanuel J. Pershing, a newspaper publisher in Rock Island who used the book as a mercantile ledger until his death in 1860. The account book is peppered throughout with Pershing's accounts.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Immediate source of acquisition unknown.

Existence and Location of Copies

The Edward D. Sweeney account ledger has been digitized and made accessible in Digital Special Collections at the following link: http://collections.carli.illinois.edu/cdm/search/collection/aug_sweeney

Processing Information

Processed by Samantha Crisp, February 2016.
Title
Edward D. Sweeney account ledger, 1860-1869.
Status
Completed
Author
Samantha Crisp
Date
February 2016
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Undetermined
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
English

Repository Details

Part of the Augustana College Special Collections Repository

Contact:
639 38th Street
Thomas Tredway Library
Rock Island Illinois 61201 United States